Duchy of Adria

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Duchy of Adria
State of the Empire of Man
1510-1711
BackgroundHaenseCoatBiggerCrown.png
The Coat of Arms of the Kingdom of Haense
Capital: Ves
Founder: Franz Vladovic
Government: Feudal Elective
Duke: King Marius II of Haense
Ducal Council:
Emmeline of Adria
Timeo de la Baltas
Nedric
Khroll
Vesna the Younger Carrion
Alfius Elpyne
Cicero di Montelliano
Lithren
Count of Varoche: Paul II Varoche
Population: 33,000
Religion: Canonism
Language(s): Common, Raevir

The Duchy of Adria (High Imperial: Ducatus Adriae, Raev: Gercogstva Adrija) was originally one of the four major regions of the Reformed Kingdom of Oren, along with Savoie, Haense, and Vanaheim. It was first formed in 1510 by Franz Vladovic from the eastern counties of Oren after years of consolidation by the de Montfort family. In Atlas, the Duchy of Adria was reformed in the city of Belvitz and in it's days occupied the central lands of Renatus-Marna, located within the estuary of the Baltas River. Following the ascension to Arcas, it's new city was formed and drafted in splendor as Ves, named for Vesna the Older Carrion. It was previous ruled by House Carrion, but upon the revelation that Duke Paul was a bastard of Augustus I, Emperor of Man, the surname of Paul was changed to Varoche, and thus they were to be the new ruling house.

History

After the fall of the Kingdom of Renatus, the feudatories that first made up Adria were sovereign and self-ruled. The Briarwoods in the County of Owynswood to the north, the Vladovs on the mountain peak of the Barony of Woldzmir to their south, the Sarkozic de Montforts running a mercantile Barony of Montfort in the plateau on the southern foothills of Woldzmir, and the sprawling County of Werdenberg filling the fertile farmlands below.

The Baronial Council of Montfort decided that it would be in their best interest to work with their northern neighbor, and cousin by Carrion blood, House Vladov, to provide protection for Montfort and political guidance for Woldzmir. The two signed a treaty which established the Confederated County of Adria, named for the St. Adrian whose blood ran through the de Montforts' veins, and elected Franz Vladov as Count.

Through political manipulations and shows of force, the House de Montfort managed to wrest the County of Owynswood from the control of House Briarwood, and were on the edge of a war with the Briarwood's lords, de Savoie, were it not for a settlement of a paltry sum of 8,000 minas for the land to become part of Adria.

Continued political machinations of the House Sarkozic de Montfort, backed by the cold steel and international renowned of the Vladov Vanguard, led to the acquisition of the County of Werdenberg as a vassal, the Count Athelstan Stafyr swearing to Adria in exchange for the payment of the House Stafyr's back taxes. This expansion made the now March of Adria three counties large, and the Comital Council of Adria sought promotion to Ducal status for its great size.

After acquiring its Duchy, the Duke of Adria set his sights on a treasonous Barony to his west, Dragonspeak, into which he installed the Baron Illaustious Horen of Marna, and the southern County of Fursten and Barony of Kazirmir, all of which fell under the Adrian yoke.

When the great ships sailed for Vailor, shortly after the election of Hugues Sarkozic de Montfort to the Ducal seat, the Adrians sailed too, finding the fertile new heartland desirable for settlement. There they reestablished the Duchy of Adria, with the City of Brelus as its capital and the Vladov owned County of Barrowyk as its military center.

After the defeat of Adria at the hands of Augustus d'Amaury during the Dukes' War the lands and titles belonging to the former Duchy were given to Augustus who renamed the Duchy to Lorraine.


Reformation

The Second Duchy of Adria is an duchy located in the lands surrounding the estuary of the Baltas River. Located just south of the Cloud Temple and encompassing the frequently traveled "Whispering Crossroads" which connect most of the major nations of Atlas. The area quickly fell in favor with merchants, craftsmen, and laborers alike due to the easy access to waterways and frequently patrolled roads.

Contemporary History

Initially the lands of Adria were settled by wayward farmers and fishermen. Its strategic geographical position allowed it to quickly grow out to become an important centre of trade in central Atlas. The first rulers of these lands were the Mercenarial Free Company of The Black Reiters, a group of equestrian mercenaries who settled the region along with the first wave of commoners.

Upon the reemergence of Houses Sarkozic, Vladov, Ivanovich and the ennobling of House Valic, The city of Belvitz was seized from its previous owners by the Kingdom of Renatus, on charges of treason and corruption, and in turn bestowed upon the newly remade Duchy of Adria. Several improvements were made upon the city, and under the new administration the city was given new life.

The City and the Duchy came under great threat during the Hansetian-Renatian Wars, especially against the Reiver Highwaymen, who under the excuse of mercenary contract ravaged the Baltas Basin without remorse. Adria was mostly successful in dealing with the bandits, their attacks ceasing when the Reivers’ disbandment in 1681 alleviated Adria.

During the 2nd Courlandic Rebellion, Belvitz served as the Staunton King's war goal, and if not for the successful siege of Whitepeak, would've been seized by the forces.

During the Pogrom Crisis of 1672, The Red Cloak Menace and the Inquisition were constant threats to the Municipality, and tormented the Elves who inhabited its slums, likely in response to the city's failure to expel the excommunicated Sabo Gradic.

The Boar and the Burgher

The creation of the Municipal Government in Belvitz sparked perhaps one of the fiercest peaceful political rivalries in recent history, between the Burgher Party, led by Sabo Gradic, and the Traditionalist Party, led by Marshal of Adria and Captain of the Belvitz Watch Vladan Valic. The conflict seized the entire city, and held the finances of the city and its protection at ransom, each being used as bargaining chips between the two men in order for each to seize more political gravitas in the Ducal Court and in the Belvitz Government.

The conflict began upon the creation of the position of City Clerk, who through the workings of Sabo Gradic soon became the chief holder of the city's finances. Valic, with the constituency of the Duchy's nobles and the city's guards, began to resist the growing power of the position, an initial conflict erupting between them upon the Excommunication crisis of 1665. The Crisis began upon Sabo Gradic's decision to establish a Municipal Bishop, essentially overriding the authority of the Pontiff. The Crisis ended upon the appointment of a Bishop to Adria by the Pontiff, and the excommunication of Broos Wellis and Sabo Gradic for their actions and refusal to apologize. However, the ripples of the splash in the political pond continue to have effect today.

The conflict took another turn upon the regency of the position of Maer, essentially making Gradic the chief administrator of the City. With such power, Gradic began to take great leaps of both power and finances, through extremely questionable means. In response, the Duke created the Council of Aldermen, which was designed to enforce a check and balance to Gradic's political clout. However, without resistance, Sabo stealthily maneuvered himself into the position of Chief Alderman. Valic countered by filling the bench with his guardsmen. The game of chess continued, with laws established by both to put the other in their place, escalating the conflict until Valic made the decision to abolish the city guard, instead creating a Ducal Order, free of the City's influence, and Gradic created a government shutdown in protest.

Sabo Gradic would later die due to drowning in the Baltas River Basin, his assailant unknown. Valic would go on to inherit the Barony of Vilacz, taking the keep and establishing it as the Order's base of operations.

Bracchus Ascendant, Bracchus in Ruin; The Mad Duke Ascendant, The Mad Duke's Flight

The arrival of Septimius and Claudius Bracchus and the Illatian host would come to redefine Adrian politics. Septimius, the younger of the brothers, arrived in Adria by his lonesome, and through expert political maneuvering assumed the role of Baron of Aesculus, forced the exile and likely death of one Vladan Valic. He shortly thereafter became the most significant name in the Duchy. What would follow would be the most defining period of Adria's recent history: The Rise of The Mad Duke, and lament of Septimius.

Upon the Abdication of John the Good, the role of Duke was hotly contested. Based on what some would describe as merit, others ruthless ambition, the role should've gone to Septimius. However, Ducal tradition would imply the role to go to the only candidate of Carrion blood, Josip Sarkozic. At the election, Septimius led an attempted coup against the young Sarkozic, backed by his Ilatian host, who had effectively alienated and marginalized the existing population of Adria into servitude or exile, and a party of Orcs and mercenaries. Josip, though extremely outnumbered, was rescued by a force of Renatian knights, led by Konyves Ivanovich, who proceeded to slaughter all but the Brothers Bracchi themselves.

Josip seized the role of Duke, inheriting a crippled Duchy, filled with poverty, enemies in exile, and foreign powers willing to manipulate him. This circumstance brought forth extreme paranoia, anger and distrust in the Duke, and while he did, with the help of the pardoned Claudius Bracchus, revitalize the Adrian Duchy and city of Belvitz, his demeanor led to the isolation of Adria diplomatically among the vassals of the Empire of Man. This external pressure, coupled with the dissent being sown by Claudius internally led Josip to extreme drug abuse, one of these substances being tainted by one "Mister Locklear," an international agent of chaos. The Tainted Drug led Josip's already crippling paranoia to force him to flee the Duchy with the Ducal Coronet. He would only return to assume the role of Duke once more to foil a scheme by Claudius to dissolve the Duchy and make Belvitz his personal fiefdom, shortly after having a severe heart attack and stroke from years of drug abuse.

Ratibor I Carrion, grandson of Alexei the Pirate, would later assume the throne. Josip, despite his internal success in revitalizing the Duchy, would forever be known as the Mad Duke.

Ratibor Ascendant; Ratibor's Disappearance; The Adrian-Curonian War

Ratibor's scramble to the throne was regarded as a great moment for Adria, as the House of Carrion returned to the Ducal throne following Sarkozic madness. Though short, his tenure saw the development of many cultural feats in Adrian ordinance, such as defenestration becoming favored as a popular method for punishment towards local convicts. Though mildly barbaric, this method was successful in drastically lowering levels of crime, for people feared the large heights they could be flung from. His reign also rejuvenated the concept of a Duma (which previously existed but lacked enthusiasm and much consideration) as the general governing body below the Duke himself. The Duma highlighted the ails of Adrian Citizens before those of nobility, creating an atmosphere of true liberty and democracy in Adrian administration.

For these reformations, Ratibor 'the Good' was considered a patriot in the archetype of Adrian freedom, but his mind seemed incapable to handle the responsibitlies given to him, as he distanced himself continuously from political plights within the city. Ratibor's reign ended with his sudden disappearance, but not before he caused a formidable chaos in the climate of the Empire's peace...

[How the war first started and the propaganda around it.]

[What happened during the war's time, effect on people's behaviour, effect on empire.]

[After effects of war, Ratibor dies, Paul comes to power.]

Pressures of Rebellion; Silver in the Dragon's Scales; Carry On, Carrion

Culture

The Culture of the Duchy of Adria has seen a rather tragic change in the second coming of the once bastion of Raevir. Upon the diaspora of the Adrian people, half fled to the Hansetian Crown, sticking true to their highlander roots, while the other half, who would later come to inhabit the new settlement, integrated and were assimilated into Heartlander culture, most bearing Raevir names, but very loosely resembling anything of the sort. Most speak plain common, the vestiges of Raevir speak popping up occasionally.

Social Organization

Notably, the citizens of Adria are divided into two social classes: The commoners and the Burghers (or Bourgeoisie). This class system is maintained by rigorous laws that protect the rights and freedoms of the Burghers in order to allow them to pursue their mercantile ambitions. This eventually brings prosperity to all of the duchy as the wealth of the Bourgeoisie trickles down to the commoners.


Commoners make up the general population of the duchy and practise generic labour oriented professions like farming, carpentry, fishing, etc. In contrast with the local Bourgeoisie, they hold few freedoms. But compared to commoners in order human reams, they are relatively more free.


The Burghers are the elitary citizen class of the Duchy. As the driving force of the city’s trade oriented economy, the Burghers enjoy well deserved privileges such as: various trading rights; the right to bear arms; the right to bear heraldic arms; the right to suffrage in the election of consuls (provided they pay the suffrage tax upon casting their vote); the right to be tried by a burgher judge.

Government

The Duchy of Adria is governed by a ducal council made up of seven individuals: The Marshal, Seneschal, Ducal Purse, Lord Justicar, Scribe, Maer and Bishop of Belvitz.

The Senseschal and Chamberlain are mostly dedicated to the Ducal administration, such as the inner workings of the palace and the well being of the Duke. The Ducal Purse, Lord Justicar and Scribe control the inner workings of the Duchy, such as the flow of money, the rule of law and the written word from the Ducal Court. The Marshal controls the entire Adrian Military, including the all levies from noble houses and the Order of St. Emma, the local military order.

Perhaps the most interesting and unique part of Adria's government is its electoral succession. The patriarchs of every noble house in Adria, from Vladov to Valic, are given a vote upon the Duke's death in the election of a new Duke. The Successor must be of Carrion Blood, one drop being sufficient, a male, the patriarch of his house, and land-owning.

All positions in Adria are elected, however some are not bound to re-election, and are lifetime positions.

Law and Justice

The Duchy of Adria maintains three books of law, each concerning itself with an important aspect of society and the organisation thereof:


The Ducal Law covers the lawful workings of the duchy's institutions. It includes legislation on matters such as: government structure; vassals; and trade & monopoly rights. The Common Code covers the legal rights and duties of the commoner class. The Bourgeois Law determines the rights and freedoms of the Burgher class.


Security

The Duchy of Adria is defended by the Order of St. Emma, which occupies several buildings within the city and seeks to find land in other locations to establish themselves throughout the Baltas Basin. It is led by Vladan Valic with assistance from the Duke and Artyom Vladov.

Geography

The Duchy and City of Ves reside